Having "flat feet" is the same as "fallen arches" or the medical term "pes planus". It simply means when a person takes a step (heel-to-toe), there is no arch to keep the foot from causing the entire sole to partially or completely touch the ground, so the foot hits the ground all at once. This causes foot instability, where it is prone to rolling inward. Children are born without arches, but they develop them by the age of 4. If after that point a child seems to still have little or no arch, then he or she will always have flat feet. Short Description The "Fit Flop" is a quality update of the common flip flop sandal. They can actually decrease foot pain and increase strength in your legs. "Fit Flops" are a good alternative to the common flip-flop sandal but should be worn gradually and caution should be taken by those peolpe with foot-related problems. He’s the man who grinds lenses according to the specifications decided upon by your optometrist or ophthalmologist. In conjunction with this activity, he may also run a store that deals in other kinds of optical goods. He does not need a college degree. - He is an optician Proper rest and elevation of the feet, as much as possible, can help to alleviate some foot pain and swelling. Foot soaks, both warm and cold, several times a week may also be a helpful way to control some foot pain and aches. Some support hoses (extra support pantyhose) can also help your feet feel better, especially if your ankles are also swollen. Now you're ready to face the day! Please make sure you don't walk barefoot at home in the morning, as this will undo all the hard work and aggravate your plantar fasciitis. Wear shoes or supportive sandals as soon as you have done the heel pain exercises. Flexible flatfoot is the most common type of problem. That is when the foot is flat when standing and returns to a normal arch in non weight bearing positions. Usually it develops in childhood. First line therapy may include limits on your activities, stretching exercises, custom shoe orthotics and anti-inflammatory medications. Orthotics, soft casts, walking boots and physical therapy may be recommended for those with adult-acquired flatfoot. Again while watching TV, reading etc. Take a tennis ball and using the bottom of your foot, roll the tennis ball around. This is great for gently relaxing the muscles and tendons and can be used for tired feet as well. The arch area is made up of tendons and ligaments, so strengthening the arch takes longer than other areas of the body, according to Foot.com. Incorporating controlled training with less supportive shoes will help strengthen the arch, while performing stabilizing balance exercises like balancing on one foot will also help. However, we are born with the arches we have so if you have a very flexible arch it is not likely you will be able to get away with as little support as someone with a higher arch. In addition to wearing an orthotic, it is recommended to wear supportive shoes with some degree of built-in 'motion control'.